Brambleberry Farm
Brambleberry Permaculture Farm LLC

North American Native Plants

**I have included both wild native plants and cultivated fruit plants with North American roots**

We are transitioning to a spreadsheet version of our catalog in order to provide regular updates about availability of plant inventory. You can use the pull down menus at the top to sort and search, but it may mess up the formatting.  Simply refresh the page. I'm not deleting the old list yet, so please excuse the extra clutter in the meantime. Please let us know what you think about the new spreadsheet format. Thanks so much!

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I have included both wild native plants and cultivated fruit plants with North American roots

Herbaceous Layer (Flowers and Herbs)

Edible Landscaping

Fern  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

Ostrich Fern :  

new shoots (fiddleheads) are edible.  Part Sun to Full Shade.

 

Herbaceous Layer (Flowers and Herbs)

 

Landscaping

Groundcover  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

Field Pussytoes Groundcover Antennaria neglecta: As native as it gets!  We sourced this plant from a field near the edge of our property where it was growing in pretty solid mats.  Pussytoes is named after its flower which looks like cat's feet, but it is grown more for it's foliage.  It grows in very poor, dry, compacted clay soil, and can take at least a half day shade.  Host for the American Painted Lady Butterfly caterpillar.  

Native groundcover plant.  full sun to part shade.

 

 


 

Herbaceous Layer (Flowers and Herbs)

 

Landscaping

Stylophorum  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

Celandine Poppy Stylophorum Stylophorum diphyllum: This attractive woodland wildflower will grow well in zones 4-8 in with little to no care in rich woodland soils.  It can tolerate drier, sunnier sites with some care. Bright yellow showy flowers bloom in April, and are followed by attractive fuzzy seed pods.  After seeds drop out of its large, hairy pods, Celandine Poppy will go dormant.  Seedlings will readily emerge everywhere if fresh seed is scattered on the soil surface.  There is also a European species known as Celandine Poppy that is somewhat weedy and invasive.  The two can be differentiated by their seed pods: the European has smooth pods.  

Native Woodland Wildflower.  Part to Full Shade.

 

 

Herbaceous Layer (Flowers and Herbs)

 

Nitrogen Fixers

Baptisia (Blue False Indigo)  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

Dwarf Baptisia (Blue False Indigo) Baptisia australis varr. minor: Very showy blue flowers cover this perenial lugume for about 3 weeks in the spring, followed by ornamental black bean pods.  Not edible, but not poisonous like lupines.  The foliage is compact and very attractive all season long, reaching 18-24" tall and wide.  

Nitrogen fixing flower 18-24" tall and wide.  Full Sun to light shade.

 

Herbaceous Layer (Flowers and Herbs)

 

Strawberries

Wild Strawberry  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

 

Virginia-native Wild Strawberry (Fragaria virginiana): This is a delightful, shade-tolerant, extra low-growing strawberry that readily fills the role of quick-growing groundcover in landscape beds.  It will weave around and through taller elements in your beds and cover the soil to prevent weeds from coming up.  Less susceptible to "overcrowding" die-out that commercial strawberries have after 5 or 6 years.  Pretty white flowers cover the mat of leaves in the spring, and are followed by delicious little red berries with a unique "waffled" texture.  Not as small as you might think, about the size of a nickel.  Self-fertile.  

Fast growing groundcover with nickle-sized berries.  Full Sun to Full Shade.

 

Smooth Red Sunchoke (Jerusalem Artichoke) (Helianthus tuberosus): From Oikos Tree Crops in Michigan, this sweet-potato-shaped variety has a stunning red/purple skin and lacks the lumpy side nodules that make most varieties hard to clean.  Not quite as productive as 'Supernova' but still plenty to eat each year.  

Native sunflower with large edible tuber, easy to clean variety.  Full Sun to light shade.

 

Herbaceous Layer (Flowers and Herbs)

 

Tubers

Sunchoke (Jerusalem Artichoke)  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

Native sunflower species with large nutritious tubers.  Very easy to grow (hard to get rid of!) and productive.  High in inulin, making them an excellent choice for diabetics.  Raw, they are crunchy and juicy with a faint sunflower-seed flavor.  Cooked th

Supernova Sunchoke (Jerusalem Artichoke) (Helianthus tuberosus): Also from Oikos, exceptionally productive white-skinned variety that has an interesting "fractal-like" form to the tubers.  They are very lumpy and convoluted, making them much harder to clean than 'Smooth Red'.  

Native sunflower with edible tubers. Exceptionally productive white variety..  Full Sun to part shade.

 

Bob Gordon American Elderberry : Newer improved variety, very similar to 'Wyldewood.'  High Yields and superior fruit quality.  Elderberries are nutritional and medicinal powerhouses, having both antibacterial and antiviral properties, immune boosting properties, and loads of vitamin C.  Needs another American Elderberry for pollination, such as 'Wyldewood.'  Prefers full sun but can take some shade.  Flexible on soil requirements but thrives in moist, fertile soils.  Height and width about 8'.  

High Yielding, larger improved fruit quality, wet-loving, plant two varieties for pollination.  Full Sun to Part Shade.

 

Wild American Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis): Large spreading shrub with edible flowers and fruit, wet-loving, plant two varieties for pollination  

Large spreading shrub with edible flowers and fruit, wet-loving, plant two varieties for pollination.  Full Sun to Part Shade.

 

 

 


 

Shrubs

 

Berries

American Elderberry  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

Wyldewood American Elderberry : Newer improved variety.  High Yields and superior fruit quality.  Elderberries are nutritional and medicinal powerhouses, having both antibacterial and antiviral properties, immune boosting properties, and loads of vitamin C.  Needs another American Elderberry for pollination, such as 'Bob Gordon.'  Prefers full sun but can take some shade.  Flexible on soil requirements but thrives in moist, fertile soils.  Height and width about 8'.  

High Yielding, larger improved fruit quality, wet-loving, plant two varieties for pollination.  Full Sun to Part Shade.

 

McKenzie Aronia (black chokeberry) (Aronia melanocarpa): A seedling selection with improved vigor, large flower clusters, and good production.  8-12' tall.  

Blueberry-sized fruit born in clusters, high antioxidants. Self-fertile, but may produce better with pollinator. 8' tall.  Full Sun to Part Shade.

 

 

Shrubs

 

Berries

Aronia (black chokeberry)  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

Medium-sized, attractive, native shrub with 3 season interest.  It is also a practical and prolific berry producer.  Aronias have gained fame recently as a super fruit due to their very high levels of antioxidants.  They are flavorful but astringent and n

 

Seedling from 'Nero' Aronia (black chokeberry) (Aronia melanocarpa): Parent plant 'Nero' gets just 4' high.  Ours is a little taller, but still only 5-6'.  Good fruit production.  

Blueberry-sized fruit born in clusters, high antioxidants. Self-fertile, but may produce better with pollinator. 4' tall.  Full Sun to Part Shade.

 

 

 


 

Shrubs

 

Berries

Highbush Cranberry  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

 

Phillips Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum): An edible native Viburnum, also known as Cramp Bark for it's muscle-relaxing medicinal properties.  Very pretty ornamental bush producing prolific umbels of white flowers, followed by showy clusters of edible but very tart, red berries.  Fast growing, 8-10' tall, has nice fall color and interesting winter form.  'Phillips' variety was selected by Elwyn Meader for better flavor and nice berry color.  Prefers a moist spot, but is adaptable.  Full Sun to Part Shade.  Self-fertile.  

Ornamental native edible berry, also known as Cramp Bark.  Self-fertile.  Full Sun to part shade.

 

Earliblue Northern Highbush Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum): early season.  One of the earliest varieties.  Med-large fruit.  Self-pollinating but produces better with another variety as a pollinator.  4-6' tall.  Zones 5-7  

Early season. plant two different varieties for pollination.  Full to Part Sun.

 

St. Cloud Northern Highbush Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum): early season.  One of the earliest varieties.  Med-large fruit with good flavor and high yields.  Needs another variety as a pollinator.  4' tall.  Zones 3-8  

Early season. plant two different varieties for pollination.  Full to Part Sun.

 

Patriot Northern Highbush Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum): early season.  Very large berries gradually decrease in size over a long harvest window.  Good storage qualities in the fridge.  Slower growing but still productive.  More tolerant of heavy soil than other varieties.  4-5' tall. Zones 3a-7  

Early season. plant two different varieties for pollination.  Full to Part Sun.

 

Bluray Northern Highbush Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum): mid-season.  Large, sweet berries.  4-6' tall.  Zones 4-8  

mid-season. plant two different varieties for pollination.  Full to Part Sun.

 

Bluecrop Northern Highbush Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum): mid-season.  One of the most widely planted commercial varieties.  Medium to large berries are firm with good flavor and can be machine harvested.  Very good disease resistance.  4-6' tall.  Zones 4-7  

mid-season. Disease resistant. plant two different varieties for pollination.  Full to Part Sun.

 

 


 

Shrubs

 

Berries

Northern Highbush Blueberry  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

Blueberries can be a challenge in our region's heavy clay soils, though these soils are generally on the acidic side which blueberries need.  They will thrive with good site preparation and continued mulching; naturally acidic pine bark or pine needles ar

Berkley Northern Highbush Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum): mid-late season.  Very large, firm, mild tasting berries.  4-6' tall.  Zones 4-7  

mid-late season. plant two different varieties for pollination.  Full to Part Sun.

 

Jewel Black Raspberry (Rubus occidentalus): Early season.  A time-tested variety which still holds the main spot in nursery catalogs, and for good reason.  Black glossy berries about twice the size of wild black raspberries, twice the yield, and strong, anthracnose-resistant canes.  Definitely needs trellising or you will wind up with tip-rooted plants everywhere!  Has all the flavor of wild black raspberries—simply delectable!  Canes can grow over 10’ long; best to tip at 5'.  Space 2.5’ apart in row.  Needs well drained soil or a raised bed. Self fertile.  

sweet wild flavor, huge berries, early season.  Full Sun to Part Shade.

 

Black Raspberry  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

 

Mac Black Black Raspberry (Rubus occidentalus): Late season.  Very similar to Jewel; large and copious berries, resistant to anthracnose, but later ripening to extend the black raspberry season by about 2 weeks.  Space 2.5’ apart in row.  Needs well drained soil or raised bed. Self fertile.  

sweet wild flavor, huge berries, late season.  Full Sun to Part Shade.

 

Autumn Bliss Red Raspberry (Rubus idaeus): Early season production, it is an “everbearing” type.  ‘Autumn Bliss’ has somewhat sturdier canes and does not need a trellis.  Plant 1’-2’ apart in row; will fill in row with suckers in a year or two.  All raspberries dislike soggy roots; raised beds are a good strategy for the heavy clay soils in this region. Self fertile.  

everbearing, earlier season fall crop.  Full Sun.

 

Caroline Red Raspberry (Rubus idaeus): Very vigorous, one of the best-flavored "everbearing" types: will crop early summer and again in the fall if only the dead (second year) shoots are selectively pruned out every winter. Most market growers (including us) mow down the entire plant every winter, resulting in a heavier crop of high quality berries in the fall only. Has good resistance to root rot diseases, but still needs a raised bed to thrive in our heavy clay.  Tolerant to grey mold. Caroline has shown exceptionally high antioxidant levels compared to other red raspberries.  Plant 1’-2’ apart in row; will fill in row with suckers in a year or two.  Does not need trellising.  Self fertile.  

everbearing, disease resistant.  Full Sun.

 

 

 

Shrubs

 

Brambles

Red Raspberry  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

 

Joan J Thornless Red Raspberry (Rubus idaeus): Thornless, stout canes produce very large sweet berries.  It is a primocane or "everbearing" type: will crop early summer and again in the fall if only the dead (second year) shoots are selectively pruned out every winter. Most market growers (including us) mow down the entire plant every winter, resulting in a heavier crop of high quality berries in the fall only.  Red raspberries require a raised bed to thrive in our heavy clay.  Plant 1’-2’ apart in row; will fill in row with suckers in a year or two.  Does not need trellising.  Self fertile.  

thornless! Everbearing.  Full Sun.

 

Natchez Thornless Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus): Semi-erect, but best grown on a trellis.  One of the largest fruited blackberries available, good sweetness and small seed size (for a blackberry).  Early season, about 2 weeks earlier than Triple Crown.  Blackberries do well in almost any soil in our region.  Space 3’ apart in row.  Self fertile.  

Sweet, Early Variety, Semi-Erect.  Full Sun to Part Shade.

 

 

Shrubs

 

Brambles

Thornless Blackberry  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

 

Triple Crown Thornless Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus): Trailing type, needs trellis. Our most productive (per plant) of the sweet thornless types. Large berries, fast growth, smaller seeds.  Blackberries will tip root and give you many more plants if you fail to tie them to the trellis.  Canes can grow 10’ or more but best to tip them at 4'-7'.  Blooms very late so avoids the occasional freezes that can hurt the blossoms of earlier blackberries.  Blackberries do well in almost any soil in our region.  Mid to late-season ripening.  Space 5’ apart in row.  Self fertile.  

Sweet, Trailing type, extremely vigorous.  Full Sun to Part Shade.

 

 

Shrubs

 

Nitrogen Fixers

False Indigo Bush  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

Amorpha False Indigo Bush (Amorpha fruiticosa): Amorpha fruiticosa is an attractive native wildflower shrub. It is a legume, and is often used in permaculture plantings as a nitrogen fixer - usually with the plan to coppice the bush ("chop & drop") because it will reach a fairly substantial size if not chopped down frequently. 15-18' tall and spreading up to twice that width. NOT edible, it's practical benefits are mostly beauty, nitrogen fixing and soil stabilization, and it also has some potential as a natural insecticide. Fast growing, thornless.  

Native nitrogen fixing shrub up to 18' tall, but can be coppiced.  Full to Part Sun.

 

Mango Pawpaw (Asimina triloba):  

space 8'-15' apart, needs pollinator.  Full Sun to Full Shade.

 

NC-1 Pawpaw (Asimina triloba):  

space 8'-15' apart, needs pollinator.  Full Sun to Full Shade.

 

Overleese Pawpaw (Asimina triloba):  

space 8'-15' apart, needs pollinator.  Full Sun to Full Shade.

 

Pawpaw  Grafted trees are $16 in Gallon* pots.  We occasionally have quarts available for $10 or 2-gallon* pots for $26.

 

Sunflower Pawpaw (Asimina triloba):  

space 8'-15' apart, needs pollinator.  Full Sun to Full Shade.

 

seedling (not grafted) Pawpaw (Asimina triloba):  

space 8'-15' apart, needs pollinator.  Full Sun to Full Shade.

 

 

 


 

Trees

 

Less Common Fruits

Pawpaw  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

The largest native North American edible fruit!  This northernmost member of the tropical custard apple family (cherimoya, guayabana) has great potential for landscape and orchard use in the Midwest.  Very shade tolerant, where it still will produce, but

seedling (not grafted) from improved varieties Pawpaw (Asimina triloba):  

space 8'-15' apart, needs pollinator.  Full Sun to Full Shade.

 

DEC Goliath American Persimmon Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana):  

Full size on Seedling Rootstock, 35-60' tall.  Full Sun to Part Sun.

 

DEC Miller X American Persimmon Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana):  

Full size on Seedling Rootstock, 35-60' tall.  Full Sun to Part Sun.

 

Early Golden American Persimmon Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana): 1 1/2" large fruits with good flavor.  

Full size on Seedling Rootstock, 35-60' tall.  Full Sun to Part Sun.

 

 

Trees

 

Less Common Fruits

Persimmon  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

Here in Southern Indiana we are in prime persimmon country.  Wild American persimmons literally grow like weeds in our fields.  Persimmons have no significant pest or disease problems, making them an excellent low maintenance choice.  So if they grow wild

 

Seedling Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana):  

Full size on own roots, 35-60' tall.  Full Sun to Part Sun.

 

Seedling Serviceberry (Amelanchier X spp.): Serviceberry or juneberry are widely-planted landscape specimens which have tiny apple-like blossoms in spring and 1/2” blueberry-like fruit in early summer.  Fruits taste like a very sweet and soft blueberry with less tang.  The tiny, almost undetectable seeds add a pleasant almond flavor to the fresh fruits.  Fiery orange and red fall foliage.  Multi-trunked, smooth grey-barked stems provide interesting form for landscapes.  Can take some shade and still produce fruit.  Once established, pretty bombproof plants.  These are open-pollinated seedlings from two local plants that have exceptionally tasty and prolific fruit, but we are not certain of their variety or species--we think one is 'Princess Diana'.  Likely A. canadensis and A. grandiflora so these seedlings may be a cross between the two.  Parent trees are only 8' tall and have exceptionally tasty berries in large, evenly-ripening clusters.  These seedlings may range in mature size from 6'-20' but can be kept to easy picking height with pruning or coppicing.  Self-fertile.  Zones 4-8.  

1/2" blueberry-like fruit, 8-20’ tall.  Self-fertile.  Full Sun to Part Shade.

 

 

 

Trees

 

Nitrogen Fixers

Locust, Honey  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

Thornless Seedling Locust, Honey (Gleditsia triacanthos): Seedlings from a grove of thornless parent trees.  There is a small chance that some may develop thorns as they get older.  Fast growing, tall and spreading trees create dappled rather than deep shade.  Can take a variety of soil types, known for being able to grow in polluted, compacted urban soils.  Pods are an excellent livestock feed (nutritionally equivalent to barley grain by sheep and goats) and the pulp is a sugary "nibble" for people too.  Lumber has some rot resistance and is a beautiful honey-red/orange color.  We might have some thorny individuals available if you prefer a tree that protects itself from varmints.  

Small % may develop thorns.  Fast growing, tall, spreading trees make nice shade trees. Seedpods good livestock feed..  Full Sun to part shade.

 

Seedling Redbud : A legume, but not actually very good at fixing nitrogen.  Nevertheless, this beautiful native ornamental tree with edible flowers deserves a place in your landscape.  

Attractive native landscaping specimen.  Edible flowers taste like pea shoots..  Full to Part Sun.

 

 

 

Trees

 

Nut Trees

Hazelnut  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

 

Native Eastern seedlings Hazelnut (Corylus americana): A lovely landscape accent plant or hedge that also bears prolific crops of nuts. Since these are wild seedlings, the nuts are small compared to the improved filberts and the shells thicker. Nuts about the size of a pea when shelled out but very tasty and sweet!  Plants are a little slow to get going but really take off after their second year in the ground. Shrubby growth gets 6-8’ tall with equal spread.  Fall foliage is stunning with colors all over the spectrum.  Showy male catkins in the winter and spring. Immune to Eastern Filbert Blight. Plant two for pollination. Can take shade to full sun. Space 4-8’ apart.  

edible ornamental, 6-8' tall with equal spread, plant two for pollination.  Full sun to shade.

 

 

 

Trees

 

Nut Trees

Hazelnut  2'' plugs $3, Quart pots $6, Gallon* pots $12

 

 

Peace River Improved Native seedlings Hazelnut (Corylus americana or cornuta): A lovely landscape accent plant or hedge that also bears prolific crops of nuts.  Since these are wild seedlings, the nuts are small compared to the improved filberts and the shells thicker.  Nuts about the size of a pea when shelled out but very tasty and sweet!  Plants are a little slow to get going but really take off after their second year in the ground.  Shrubby growth gets 6-8’ tall with equal spread.  Fall foliage is stunning with colors all over the spectrum.  Showy male catkins in the winter and spring.  Immune to Eastern Filbert Blight.  Plant two for pollination.  Can take shade to full sun.  Space 4-8’ apart.  

edible ornamental, 6-8' tall with equal spread, plant two for pollination.  Full Sun to Shade.

 

seedling of 'Kanza' Improved Northern Pecan (Carya illinoisensis): Improved hardy pecan seedlings.  Pecans can be successfully grown in the North.  Smaller nuts than the Georgia papershell pecans, but still an amazing amount of nutmeat in very easy to crack shells.  Need 2 for pollination.  Height 30-50’ by 25-35’ wide.  Should have no hardiness problems into zone 5.  North of that, plant at your own risk!  

plant two for pollination, height 30-50’ by 25-35’ wide.  Full Sun to Part Shade.

 

LSU Groundnut (Apios americana): An improved variety of a native plant developed at LSU.  There are reports of the tubers reaching the size of basketballs, but they will likely be smaller in our climate.  Wait at least 2 years before first harvest.  Tubers and seeds are both edible, and have high protein content for a tuber (17%).  Prefer rich, well drained soil.  Flowers are fragrant, very pretty, orchid like, smallish, and born in clusters.  

Large edible tubers, nitrogen fixing, attractive, frangrant flowers..  Full to Part Sun.

 

Maypop, improved Passion Fruit (passiflora incarnata): Similar to the well-known tropical passion fruit--a perennial, very ornamental vine with showy, fringed, purple/white flowers all summer long.  Bumblebees and hummingbirds love them!  2x3" oblong fruits turn yellow and often drop when ripe, and each contain a large amount of sweet-tart, apricot-flavored, seedy pulp.  Maypop is a native plant, but beware that it is very vigorous and invasive once established.  Plant it somewhere you can mow around it to keep it contained, as it will send out long runners underground.  A great choice for taking over a fence in the back corner of your yard or covering a hard-to-mow slope.  Maypop dies down to the ground in the winter and is late to emerge in the spring, so it is not the best choice for covering shade structures unless you only need late summer and fall shade.  

2x3" flavorful seedy fruits, native, invasive vine.  Self-fertile.  Full Sun to part shade.

We do not ship plants. To reserve plants please either call us, or email us , and schedule an appointment to pick them up. We can also DELIVER for a fee to our general region.  


*size designations are nominal. We use “trade gallons” (which are slightly less than a gallon) as well as recycled pots that may vary in exact size.  Every plant may not be available in every size listed.  Gallons are common for grafted trees and quarts are most common for everything else.  There are usually a very limited number of two gallon plants available – first come first serve.